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2014
12-06

PHP生成类似优酷ID的函数

不知道你注意了没有,类似优酷、腾讯视频等其他视频链接似乎类似这样的

http://v.youku.com/xxx/id_XODQxNzE4NDM2_xx_xx.html

注意id_xxx那段,是不是看不懂了,但你无可否认这个就是id,这是国外的一位牛人早在09年就写了针对PHP/Python/Javascript/Java/SQL的生成方法.

<?php
/**
 * Translates a number to a short alhanumeric version
 *
 * Translated any number up to 9007199254740992
 * to a shorter version in letters e.g.:
 * 9007199254740989 --> PpQXn7COf
 *
 * specifiying the second argument true, it will
 * translate back e.g.:
 * PpQXn7COf --> 9007199254740989
 *
 * this function is based on any2dec && dec2any by
 * fragmer[at]mail[dot]ru
 * see: http://nl3.php.net/manual/en/function.base-convert.php#52450
 *
 * If you want the alphaID to be at least 3 letter long, use the
 * $pad_up = 3 argument
 *
 * In most cases this is better than totally random ID generators
 * because this can easily avoid duplicate ID's.
 * For example if you correlate the alpha ID to an auto incrementing ID
 * in your database, you're done.
 *
 * The reverse is done because it makes it slightly more cryptic,
 * but it also makes it easier to spread lots of IDs in different
 * directories on your filesystem. Example:
 * $part1 = substr($alpha_id,0,1);
 * $part2 = substr($alpha_id,1,1);
 * $part3 = substr($alpha_id,2,strlen($alpha_id));
 * $destindir = "/".$part1."/".$part2."/".$part3;
 * // by reversing, directories are more evenly spread out. The
 * // first 26 directories already occupy 26 main levels
 *
 * more info on limitation:
 * - http://blade.nagaokaut.ac.jp/cgi-bin/scat.rb/ruby/ruby-talk/165372
 *
 * if you really need this for bigger numbers you probably have to look
 * at things like: http://theserverpages.com/php/manual/en/ref.bc.php
 * or: http://theserverpages.com/php/manual/en/ref.gmp.php
 * but I haven't really dugg into this. If you have more info on those
 * matters feel free to leave a comment.
 *
 * The following code block can be utilized by PEAR's Testing_DocTest
 * <code>
 * // Input //
 * $number_in = 2188847690240;
 * $alpha_in  = "SpQXn7Cb";
 *
 * // Execute //
 * $alpha_out  = alphaID($number_in, false, 8);
 * $number_out = alphaID($alpha_in, true, 8);
 *
 * if ($number_in != $number_out) {
 *	 echo "Conversion failure, ".$alpha_in." returns ".$number_out." instead of the ";
 *	 echo "desired: ".$number_in."\n";
 * }
 * if ($alpha_in != $alpha_out) {
 *	 echo "Conversion failure, ".$number_in." returns ".$alpha_out." instead of the ";
 *	 echo "desired: ".$alpha_in."\n";
 * }
 *
 * // Show //
 * echo $number_out." => ".$alpha_out."\n";
 * echo $alpha_in." => ".$number_out."\n";
 * echo alphaID(238328, false)." => ".alphaID(alphaID(238328, false), true)."\n";
 *
 * // expects:
 * // 2188847690240 => SpQXn7Cb
 * // SpQXn7Cb => 2188847690240
 * // aaab => 238328
 *
 * </code>
 *
 * @author	Kevin van Zonneveld <kevin@vanzonneveld.net>
 * @author	Simon Franz
 * @author	Deadfish
 * @author  SK83RJOSH
 * @copyright 2008 Kevin van Zonneveld (http://kevin.vanzonneveld.net)
 * @license   http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php New BSD Licence
 * @version   SVN: Release: $Id: alphaID.inc.php 344 2009-06-10 17:43:59Z kevin $
 * @link	  http://kevin.vanzonneveld.net/
 *
 * @param mixed   $in	  String or long input to translate
 * @param boolean $to_num  Reverses translation when true
 * @param mixed   $pad_up  Number or boolean padds the result up to a specified length
 * @param string  $pass_key Supplying a password makes it harder to calculate the original ID
 *
 * @return mixed string or long
 */
function alphaID($in, $to_num = false, $pad_up = false, $pass_key = null)
{
	$out   =   '';
	$index = 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ';
	$base  = strlen($index);

	if ($pass_key !== null) {
		// Although this function's purpose is to just make the
		// ID short - and not so much secure,
		// with this patch by Simon Franz (http://blog.snaky.org/)
		// you can optionally supply a password to make it harder
		// to calculate the corresponding numeric ID

		for ($n = 0; $n < strlen($index); $n++) {
			$i[] = substr($index, $n, 1);
		}

		$pass_hash = hash('sha256',$pass_key);
		$pass_hash = (strlen($pass_hash) < strlen($index) ? hash('sha512', $pass_key) : $pass_hash);

		for ($n = 0; $n < strlen($index); $n++) {
			$p[] =  substr($pass_hash, $n, 1);
		}

		array_multisort($p, SORT_DESC, $i);
		$index = implode($i);
	}

	if ($to_num) {
		// Digital number  <<--  alphabet letter code
		$len = strlen($in) - 1;

		for ($t = $len; $t >= 0; $t--) {
			$bcp = bcpow($base, $len - $t);
			$out = $out + strpos($index, substr($in, $t, 1)) * $bcp;
		}

		if (is_numeric($pad_up)) {
			$pad_up--;

			if ($pad_up > 0) {
				$out -= pow($base, $pad_up);
			}
		}
	} else {
		// Digital number  -->>  alphabet letter code
		if (is_numeric($pad_up)) {
			$pad_up--;

			if ($pad_up > 0) {
				$in += pow($base, $pad_up);
			}
		}

		for ($t = ($in != 0 ? floor(log($in, $base)) : 0); $t >= 0; $t--) {
			$bcp = bcpow($base, $t);
			$a   = floor($in / $bcp) % $base;
			$out = $out . substr($index, $a, 1);
			$in  = $in - ($a * $bcp);
		}
	}

	return $out;
}
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作者:uuling
这个作者貌似有点懒,什么都没有留下。

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